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Comparison of Energy Consumption between a Standard Air Conditioner and an Inverter-type Air Conditioner Operating in an Office Building

Authors:

Manjula Siriwardhana ,

National Engineering Research and Development (NERD) Centre of Sri Lanka, Ekala, Jaela, LK
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D. D. Ananda Namal

National Engineering Research and Development (NERD) Centre of Sri Lanka, Ekala, Jaela, LK
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Abstract

Demand for air conditioners (ACs) has exponentially increased worldwide over the last few years. Countries with booming economies report high growth of sales of room air conditioners. Sri Lanka is not an exception. With the increased gross domestic product (GDP) and warming climates, demand for room air conditioners is expected to further increase. Meeting the increased demand for electricity will be a challenge. Increased use of energy efficient air conditioners has positive impacts on the national grid, especially during periods of high demand. In a regular AC, the compressor runs at a fixed speed and is either ON or OFF. In an inverter AC, the compressor is always on, but power drawn depends on the demand for cooling. The speed of the compressor is adjusted appropriately.

 

In this study, the energy consumption of a regular and an inverter AC of the same capacity was evaluated in a typical office room, under similar operating conditions. Energy consumption was measured for six consecutive weeks and compared. Results show that the daily average energy consumption (for an 8-hour operating period) was 13.5 kWh for the standard AC and 8.7 kWh for the inverter type AC. Therefore, it is concluded that inverter technology can save about 35% of electricity consumed over a standard air conditioner. With the expected growth of air conditioner use and ambient temperature rise, inverter technology can significantly contribute to reduce the peak demand and energy use.
How to Cite: Siriwardhana, M. and Namal, D.D.A., 2017. Comparison of Energy Consumption between a Standard Air Conditioner and an Inverter-type Air Conditioner Operating in an Office Building. SLEMA Journal, 20(1-2), pp.1–6. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/slemaj.v20i1-2.5
Published on 30 Sep 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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